Certica Products

The IMS Manifest File


When assessments or items are exported as QTI, one of the files created is the IMSMANIFEST.XML file. This article details various sections of this IMS manifest file. (Refer to Exporting Assessments for more information on exporting assessments and generating the Manifest file.) This information may be useful to partners importing your QTI export.


The top-level <metadata> section contains general information about the manifest file and indicates that the QTI package was generated through ItemLogic by Certica Solutions.

The <resources> section references all resources included in the package:

  • items
  • passages
  • other related files

Each of these resources is captured in a <resource> section.


Each item in the exported assessment is identified in a <resource> section with a line such as:

Each item may have metadata associated with it in a <metadata> section.

Item Metadata

Within each item's <resource> section, item metadata is captured. Each piece of metadata and its value are combined in a <imsd:taxonPath> section such as:

In the example above, the metadata "Max Points" (capturing the maximum number of points allowed for the item) is set to a value of 1.00.

Additional item metadata are custom "tags" in ItemLogic and have that preface. For example:

The custom metadata tag "p-value" is set to 0.37.

Item Standards

Items aligned to standards have a <ABStandardGUID> section where the AB (Academic Standards) GUIDs of all the standards are listed:

Partners who are licensed for AB may use the AB Standards GUID information. 

The file identifies each standard with additional information below in the <curriculumStandardsMetadata> section. For example:

Subsections provide additional details, which include:

  • <authority>(issuing authority)
  • <label> (previous standards abbreviation exported from ItemLogic QTI 2.1)
  • <enhanced> (standards abbreviation recommended by Academic Benchmarks)
  • <text> (standard description)
  • <imscsmd:GUID> (ItemLogic GUID)

The standards metadata may be used to match the standard to data stored in a source system.

If an item has related images, audio, video, or CSS files, these are listed in <file> sections within the item's <resource> section. The file location within the folders of the QTI packet are identified. Related passages(contexts) and stylesheets are called out in the <dependency> section. For example:

In the example above:

  • The item uses PNG files located in the "images" folder in subfolders named by Resource ID. 
  • The item has a related passage whose ItemLogic Resource ID is 505150. 
  • The item makes use of two CSS files.


All passages used by any of the items in the exported assessment are each identified in a <resource> section. For example:

Passage Metadata

Within each items <resource> section, item metadata is captured.

The label of the metadata and it's value are combined in the <imsd:taxonPath> section such as:

In the example above, the metadata "Lexile" is set to 940.

Audio and Video Files

All passages used by any of the items in the QTI export are each identified in a <resource> section. For example:


If you exported an assessment as QTI, the assessment is summarized in a <resource> section. It indicates all the items in the assessment. For example:

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